Granjas verticales como modelo de negocios verdes y sostenibles

  • Duwal Asprilla Pérez Fundación Universidad de América
  • Diana Morales-Fonseca Fundación Universidad de América
Palabras clave: agricultura vertical, granja vertical, sistema hidropónico, cultivo sin suelo, huertas en interiores

Resumen

Las granjas verticales definen una tendencia novedosa para disminuir los problemas de la agricultura tradicional. Se trata de una técnica de cultivo sin suelo y con baja vulnerabilidad frente al Clima produce cultivos frescos locales, de fácil comercialización, y libres de pesticidas e insecticidas, caracterizándose por su ecología. Dada la pertinencia de esta técnica se realizó una reflexión que identifica a los principales autores, y reúne tendencias y resultados a gran escala en poblaciones en las que, por sus características, este modelo ha respondido a las necesidades propias de las urbes modernas. Se han reportado casos de éxito en ciudades como París, Manila, Estocolmo, Filadelfia y Den Bosch, porque este sistema puede utilizar luz solar o artificial. Se compone de un cultivo hidropónico adaptable a interiores, ya sea una bodega, un contenedor, un subterráneo o la típica estructura de un invernadero. Igualmente se encontró que este modelo agrícola ha logrado reducir el uso de recursos insustituibles para la producción de alimentos, tales como el suelo, fósforo y la energía, permitiendo optimizar el uso del terreno e, inclusive, disponiendo de un 95 % menos de agua, características que posibilitan otra forma de agricultura: producir alimentos 100 % ecológicos en interiores de forma vertical.

Biografía del autor/a

Duwal Asprilla Pérez, Fundación Universidad de América

Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Ambiental.

Diana Morales-Fonseca, Fundación Universidad de América

Estudiante Maestría en Gestión Ambiental para la Competitividad.

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Cómo citar
Asprilla Pérez, D., & Morales-Fonseca, D. (2022). Granjas verticales como modelo de negocios verdes y sostenibles. Revista De Investigación, 14(1), 29-45. https://doi.org/10.29097/2011-639X.@a

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Publicado
2022-07-18
Sección
Artículos de Investigación